Texas Metro Map


With the support of the UFW, South Texas melon workers begin the Starr County Strike, protesting bad working conditions and low salaries. The strike marks the beginning of the Chicano Movement in Texas.

1967 The Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO) is founded in San Antonio. The Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) is founded in Texas.

1970 Cisneros v. Corpus Christi Independent School District extends the Brownv. Board of Education decision to Mexican Americans.

1972-1974 Farah Manufacturing Company garment workers strike and call for a national boycott.

1975 Congresswoman Barbara Jordan expands the Voting Rights Act to include Spanish speakers in the Southwest, including Texas.

1981 Henry Cisneros becomes the first Mexican American mayor of a major U.S. city, San Antonio.

1986 The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) and the Anti-Drug Abuse Act are passed.

1988 Lauro F. Cavazos becomes the first Latino secretary of education.

1993 President Bill Clinton appoints Federico Pena to the post of secretary of transportation, and Henry Cisneros becomes secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Norma Cantu assumes the position of assistant secretary for civil rights in the Department of Education.

1994 The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) takes effect.

1995 Corpus Christi’s famous Tejana singer Selena Quintanilla is murdered.

1996 The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act are passed.

2000 Cesar Chavez Day becomes a Texas holiday on a volunteer basis.

2001 Attacks occur on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11.

2003 Under the direction of Representative Tom DeLay (Houston), a redis-tricting plan is created that would negatively impact African American and Mexican American votes in the state.

2004 Minorities are 50.2 percent of the population of Texas, with Latinos making up the largest group within minority populations.

2005 Alberto Gonzales is named the 80th U.S. attorney general.

2006 Nina Perales of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund argues before the Supreme Court that the 2003 redistricting plan would effectively disenfranchise many African American and Mexican American voters. Tex-Mex singer Freddy Fender dies of cancer in Corpus Christi.

2007 Alberto Gonzales resigns his position as U.S. attorney general.

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