He had earned the Khan’s respect by his quick mastery of Anshan Map Tourist Attractions four languages, and on his official fact-finding missions for the emperor he behaved with Anshan Map Tourist Attractions such wisdom and prudence that he was showered with honours.
I was looking forward to picking up his trail again later in western and south-west China. As the Polos had paid their respects to their great benefactor, I called on mine. I have the good fortune to share a surname with an old established hong or China trading company, the House of Dodwell.
We are not related – it was only my mother’s family which lived in Beijing, not my father’s. Nevertheless Dodwell International, as they now are, generously bought me the plane ticket to Urumchi which started off my journey, and entertained me handsomely in Beijing.
Art and Culture: The global turn
Malcolm Miles University of Plymouth
My aim in this chapter is to reconsider the relation between art and globalization through the rise of culturally-led strategies for urban renewal from the 1980s onwards. After the financial services crisis (the crash) of 2008 such strategies may have begun to decline as urban policy and urban development (like late capitalism) enter a more brutal phase. If so, then it is now an opportune time to look with the advantage of retrospect at the conditions in which these strategies arose, at how they operated, and at the extent to which the claims made for them were tested.
Looking back, it appears that culturally-led urban renewal not only coincides with the rise of globalization, but is connected to it in specific ways. Culturally-led urban renewal was used by cities seeking to gain a competitive edge in global competition for new investment (as in corporate relocation) and cultural tourism, for instance, while the kind of culture utilized in redevelopment schemes was linked to an expanding global art market and cultural infrastructure. The new art museums inserted into redundant industrial sites in many cities were, in turn, linked to a growth in cultural (and lifestyle) consumption among what became known as a creative class of young professionals. But if cities were re-coded as cultural destinations, to whom did they belong? And who was able, or not able to participate in determining the image of a city which reshaped its built and social as well as its economic environment?