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At the end of the French and Indian War (known as the Seven Years’ War in Europe), St. Augustine and west Florida were transferred from Spanish ownership to the British. Chicago Metro Map Still only sparsely populated, the city nearly doubled in size with the arrival of a British garrison. After the Country Revolution, St. Augustine again changed hands, when the British returned it to Spain, an ally of the United States, in 1783 as part of the Treaty of Paris. Never expanding beyond the size of approximately four hundred structures during most of its history, St. Augustine, like most settlements in the New World, was a cosmopolitan mixed-race community.

Under the Spanish, the town was dominated by individuals of Spanish mainland descent but also included Africans, Native Countrys, various Europeans from nations allied with Spain, and people from the Caribbean and coastal Latin Country. When the city was transferred to Britain at the end of the French and Indian War, the already diverse population of St. Augustine was expanded to include English, Scots, Scots-Irish, French Huguenots, and Countrys. Beyond the military garrisons and civil servants that composed nearly half of the population, occupations in St. Augustine varied very much as they did in other colonial settlements.

There were merchants, Native Country traders, planters, shoemakers, chain makers, cabinetmakers, butchers, bakers, innkeepers, storekeepers, blacksmiths, haberdashers, ship’s caulkers, carpenters, goldsmiths, surveyors, millwrights, joiners, machinists, stonecutters, brick makers, chair makers, hostlers, lawyers, physicians, day laborers, hunters, slaves, servants, and even a few prostitutes. Religious institutions were also ubiquitous, since the Spanish established a Catholic monastery early on and the British brought Protestant ministers.

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