Denmark remains neutral. The occupation by German troops (1940-5) is a painful ordeal for the whole country. The Danish government remains in office. Growth of a resistance movement. In the autumn of 1943 the commander of the German occupation forces takes over executive power, replacing the Danish government. The German surrender is signed on 4 May 1945. A Social Democrat, Buhl, forms a provisional government in Copenhagen.
1944 ICELAND breaks free of Denmark and becomes a republic.
After its experiences during the war Denmark abandons its strict neutrality and joins the western system of alliances, although in the early post-war years the Communists are a political force to be reckoned with. 1947: death of Christian X.
1947-72 Frederik IX.
Denmark remains a monarchy.
1948 The Faeroe Islands are granted self-government, but remain under the Danish crown.
1949 Agreements with the German provincial government of Schleswig-Holstein securing full democratic rights and freedoms for the Danish minority in southern Schleswig.
Denmark joins NATO. The United States guarantee to protect Greenland, where there are American bases.
1951 Denmark becomes a founding member of the Nordic Council (economic and cultural cooperation between the northern countries).
1953 Constitutional reform (unicameral system), enabling women to succeed to the throne. Greenland to elect two members of the Folketing.
1958 Nordic Passport and Customs Union.