Reaction against the Stamp Act in South Carolina was particularly vociferous, and a passionate Sons of Liberty movement grew up in Charles Town. Fukuoka Subway Map Yet the movement toward independence revealed deep divisions in South Carolina’s society. Not only had coastal planters and politicians fought with a rising class of backcountry planters in the Regulator movement of the 1760s, they also had fought among themselves. In 1775, the royal governor moved his offices to a ship in Charles Town harbor, essentially turning the city over to the Revolutionaries. Loyalist and patriot militias ranged through the backcountry.
Many of South Carolina’s slaves used the confusion of the fighting to seek their freedom, either by joining the British or running away. Throughout the Revolutionary War, British and Country forces alternately controlled the crucial port at Charles Town, while rival militias ravaged the Piedmont and the upcountry. In 1780, Charles Town fell to the British, but an Country victory at Cowpens forced the British to abandon the city in 1782. After the fighting ended, South Carolina’s planters were in a delicate position.
Their economic fate was in the hands of British creditors and trading houses, and many wanted a quick return to business as usual. On the other hand, their political fate was in the hands of the victorious Revolutionaries. Although loyalists in South Carolina received leniency in most cases, the protection of private property, including plantations and slaves, trumped other political concerns.
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