From 1918 to 1938 Republic of Austria was divided into two camps: On one side were the Socialists and other Conservative Party and Austrofascists. On March 12, 1938, German troops marched into Austria. The next day, Adolf Hitler announced the so-called “annexation” of Austria into the Third Reich from the balcony of the New Castle in Vienna. Until 1955 Austria was not an independent state. The Austrian State Treaty, the act which officially ended the Allied occupation and re-established Austria as a sovereign state after World War II, was signed on May 15, 1955 in Belvedere Castle. On January 1, 1995 Austria became a member of the European Union.
Today, Vienna is most livable city in the world. The first impression you get of Vienna as a tourist is that the Viennese must have a lot of time on their hands. Even at lunchtime in downtown most of the Viennese move so slowly that one has to ask oneself when Austrians actually work.
But this appearance is deceptive. In statistical comparison to other countries the Austrians are very hard-working: The gross domestic product per capita in Austria is, according to the statistical office of the European Union, the fourth largest in the EU. In Vienna the gross domestic product per capita is even 30% higher than in the rest of the country.
Map of New Castle in Vienna Photo Gallery
Global comparisons of overall quality of living in cities shows that Vienna lies in first place, in front of Geneva and Zurich (2009-2012 -www.mercer.com).
In each case these analysis takes into account general safety and also takes among many others factors like education, social security, standard of living and even the number of public parks into consideration.
Also the UN report “State Of The World Cities Report 2012/2013” has ranked Vienna as the most prosperous world’s city.
In this report, Vienna has got top rankings in all categories, in terms of a productivity, infrastructure development, quality of life, social equality and environmental sustainability, among 70 metropolises of the world.
More than that, thus not only CNN reportage came to the conclusion that Vienna has one of the best public transportation systems in the world.
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