The Golden City, known for its hundred towers, lying in Central Bohemia on both sides of the river Moldau or to be quite exact at the confluent of the Moldau (Vltava) and Beraun. It is the capital of Czechoslovakia (CSFR) with its 1.2 million inhabitants and is by far its largest city. It has the archbishopric, is the seat of the CSFR government, the capital of the Czech part and the administrative center for Bohemia – a capital in every sense. It is its intellectual and cultural center as it has always been. This is confirmed by the fact that Prague has the base of the oldest European university which was founded in 1348. This situation and above all the beauty of the city makes it very popular. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe called Prague ‘the most beautiful jewel in the jewelled crown of the world’ and Bedrich (Friedrich) Smetana composed a world famous symphony about the Moldau in Prague. The old city of Prague has been carefully restored and the underground railway is praised by the tourists for its efficiency. The numerous sights, from Hradschin to Wenzel Square, 90 churches, 22 theaters, 17 museums and a number of cultural events should however not disguise the fact that Prague is a very important industrial city producing machinery, foodstuffs, chemicals and wooden goods. The film and record industry is also worth mentioning as well as the Prague gastronomy. Not only does Bohemian cooking have a world wide reputation, but there is nothing as cozy as a brasserie in Prague – the ‘U Kleku’ brewery for example, or again the ‘U Kalcha’. Prague has a large international airport and in addition has extensive transport links in the form of 10 main railway lines and 11 state roads as well as a port on the Moldau.
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