Puritanism was not a social, political, or economic movement. Rather Puritanism was an attempt by Protestants in the sixteenth and seventeenth
centuries to reform and purify the Church of England based on their understanding and application of scripture.
The sixteenth century was a time of great political and social change, and these changes dovetailed with religious life in England. Certainly, the
movement had social, political, and economic repercussions and therefore cannot be seen solely as a matter of religion. Puritanism can be divided into
two branches: (1) English Puritanism, which aimed to reform the Church of England, bringing it more into line with Presbyterian theology and church
polity; and (2) American Puritanism, which transported the ideals and aspirations of the movement to the New World.