Stockholm Map Tourist Attractions

In the 19th c. many Swedish painters went to Dusseldorf and later to Paris for training. Notable among them were the landscape artist C. J. Fahlcrantz (1774-1861), Peter Krafft the Younger, a German (1777-1863), C. Wahlbom (1810-58), A. Wahlberg (1834-1906) and above all the greatest of modern Swedish painters, Anders Zorn (1860-1 920), who also produced etchings.

In Denmark, where landscape painting was a favourite genre, impressive and original work was done by Jens Juel (1745-1802), N. A. Abildgaard (1743-1809) and Christopher Wilhelm Eckersberg (1783-1853). Eckersberg in particular influenced the next generation of painters. About 1800 the Copenhagen Academy attracted many German painters, among them the neo-classicist A. J.1 Carstens and the Romantic artists P. O. Runge and C. D. Friedrich. Christen Kobke (1810-58) took up the inheritance of C. W. Eckersberg, and among a large number of lesser artists the names of Vilhelm Marstrand (1810-73) and Kristian Zahrtmann (1843-1917) may be mentioned. Two notable figures at the end of the 19th c. were Vilhelm Ham-mershoi (1864-1916) and Peter Severin Kroyer (1851-1909), the latter a practitioner of Impressionism. Joakim Skovgaard (1856-1916) renewed the art of monumental religious painting (frescoes in Viborg Cathedral).

Scandinavia has played a prominent role in 20th c. architecture. During the 1920s and 1930s a close to the earth style of architecture was popular family houses, terraced houses, the bakkehuse (hill houses) of the Danish architect Ivar Bentsen (1876-1943). The international Functionalism of Gunnar Asplund (1885-1940), however, made increasing headway, with such buildings as the exhibition halls for the Stockholm Exhibition of 1930 (light, airy structures of glass and steel), Stockholm Municipal Library (1924-7) and an extension of Goteborg (Gothenburg) Town Hall (1934-7). Sven Markehus built the Concert Hall in Helsingborg (1936). The ideas of the Swedish Arts and Crafts Association on modern design were the starting point of a distinctive Scandinavian school of interior decoration and the design of everyday articles and utensils.

The basic types of housing developed in Sweden were various forms of tower block (Orebro, 1948-50; Danviksklippen, by S. Backstrom and L. Reinius, 1945). The best known of Stockholm’s satellite towns is Vallingby.

Perhaps the best known Danish architect was Arne Jacobsen (1902-71), who was responsible for new town halls at Arhus (1941) and Mainz (1969).

Among leading Danish sculptors of the 20th c. are Robert Jacobsen (b, 1917), who works in metal; Kai Nielsen (1882-1924), creator of a new monumental style; Bengt Sorensen (b. 1923), Gunnar Westmann (b. 1915) and Svend W. Hansen (b. 1922). The youngest generation of sculptors follows current post-war trends.

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