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Fishing and hunting have long provided reasons for many men (and an increasing number of women) to head for wilderness areas. Fishing can be an extremely relaxing way to spend the day. It often means spending quiet hours in a canoe, or sitting alongside (or standing in) a rushing stream. Some people who fish are quite serious and intent on catching something, while for others the end result is less important than simply being out there.

Fresh fish will also make a tasty addition to one’s diet in the wilderness. Remember that a fishing license usually must be obtained in advance, and there are regulations regarding the number, kind, and size of fish which can be caught and when. Licenses are available from many sporting goods stores.

Hunting likewise requires obtaining a license and is permitted only during limited seasons, which differ from state to state, and vary depending on the type of animal or bird hunted. Most but not all hunting seasons are in the fall.

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Establishing the Bay Massachusetts Colony There were 110 original investors in the Massachusetts Bay Company, and John Winthrop, a prominent Puritan, joined their ranks a year later. United States Map Some members of the company, under the guidance of Winthrop, moved to gain control of the settlement; they voted to transfer the land patent and government to those who actually settled the colony rather than to all investors. Under these new rules, Winthrop was elected governor. In the spring of 1630, the Puritans departed for their colony with a fleet of eleven ships, including the Arabella, which transported Winthrop to the colony. Over 1,000 passengers and significant amounts of supplies and livestock made the journey. The colonists arrived in New England in June and July and began to build Winthrop’s city upon a hill, a community that would exemplify Christian values. The colony experienced rapid growth, attracting mostly Puritan settlers, who numbered between 1,000 and 2,000 each year. This rapid expansion encroached on Native American lands, and, in 1637, the Bay Colony’s inhabitants found themselves engaged in war with the Pequot. The war resulted in the near extinction of the tribe. A similar pattern of expansion into Native American lands precipitated the 16751676 King Philip’s War. The Wampanoag in Plymouth Colony joined with the Narragansett, Pocumtuck, and Nipmuc in Massachusetts, raiding colonial settlements. Because the conflict affected its frontier, Massachusetts joined with Plymouth Colony in its effort to end raids by the natives. In the course of the war, three Massachusetts towns were burned. The white colonists successfully subdued the tribes after chasing them throughout New England, finally capturing and killing the Wampanoag leader Philip in 1676.

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