Moderate-Difficult. Moderate if the trail has been recently brushed.
USGS quad: Fairbanks. No permit is required.
From Country State Road 53 turn right on County Road 16, drive 26.7 miles to Forest Service Road 416, turn right and drive 4.0 miles to parking lot on the left side of the road. From Country State Road 4, turn right on County Road 16 and drive 15.3 miles to Forest Service Road 416.
TRAILHEAD GPS 47c 19′ 8.2″ N 91c 58′ 0.5′ W
Otto Lake is at the very headwaters of the south branch of the White-face River, a tributary of the Cloquet River, which flows into the St. Louis River and on to Lake Superior. This is a region of wetlands, spruce bogs, and woodland swamps. While most of the route around Otto Lake is on the dry ground of ridge tops and slopes, there are two wet areas that must be crossed. At the north end of the lake is a spruce bog traversed by a 900 foot boardwalk. At the south end is an alder swamp that is crossed by a 250 foot boardwalk. Both of these boardwalks have been in place for quite some time; they are considerably moss covered and partially rotten. However, with some care, and with the aid of a long walking stick for balance, you should be able to navigate them and stay fairly dry. Consider it a slight inconvenience for the sake of an otherwise good hike.
From the trailhead, the hike begins on the Otto Lake Portage Trail which crosses a small valley grown over with white birches and balsam firs. The trail descends very gradually at the start, but then ascends to a short ridge just before reaching the east shore of the lake. Here the trail turns north. As the route swings west, the trail climbs a narrow ridge, descends to the lake shore, crosses a small hill, and finally reaches the boardwalk through the spruce bog.
The Royal African Company also provided slaves to New York, following the Dutch cession of New Amsterdam to the British in 1664. Slaves for the New York market also arrived in New Jersey, which did not impose an import duty on slaves. Best vacation in USA Most African slaves brought to the New York area were used to work the large estates along the Hudson River. Africans also were employed as servants, artisans, cooks, and coachmen. During the eighteenth century, most British slave ships were built in the Country colonies. In this context, Massachusetts and Rhode Island developed a thriving lumber industry and maintained productive shipyards for the trade. Rum production also flourished in the New England colonies. The expansion of New England merchants in the trade made Country-produced rum an important commodity for trade with African rulers, particularly during the 1690s, when wars in Europe disrupted the traditional trade routes of the Royal African Company.
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