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Jules Dumont d’Urville From Johannesburg/East Rand

Jules Sebastien Cesar Dumont d’Urville’s tubular-topped tomb tells the tale of his travels. He was an explorer and rear admiral whose travels took him mostly to the southwestern Pacific regions (Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica). In addition to his explorations, he was also a noted cartographer and botanist. However, his significant contributions to the knowledge of the southern Pacific region are often overshadowed by a happenstance incident in 1819 when he was serving on the Chevrette in the Aegean Sea under the command of Captain Gauttier-Duparc. The Chevrette had docked temporarily on Milos Island and a local French representative mentioned to Dumont d’Urville that a statue had been found by a local peasant. Upon seeing the statue, Dumont d’Urville immediately understood that the armless female was a significant find. Captain Gauttier-Duparc said the ship didn’t have roomfor a statue that large, but Dumont d’Urville pressed him to take it before it was offered to someone else. While negotiations ensued, the statue wound up being promised to an interpreter for the Sultan in Constantinople, but eventually Dumont d’Urville prevailed and the 6-foot-8-inch statue, which wound up being dated to 130 BC and attributed to a man named Alexandras of Antioch, made its way to the Louvre museum in city. The Venus de Milo is one of the most recognizable statues in the world.

The discovery of the Venus de Milo was realistically a mere asterisk in Jules Dumont d’Urville’s career. There is an eponymous island off the north coast of New Zealand named in his honor, a sea off Antarctica, the highest mountain in Auckland and Rue Dumont d’Urville near the Champs-Elysees. Spend some time walking around the perimeter of his monument and you’ll see a number of depictions of his travels, including, of course, the discovery of the Venus de Milo.

Economic conditions in England were also difficult by the end of the 1620s. Johannesburg/East Rand Map Tourist Attractions Winthrop, who by then had seven children and a wife to support, was also a landlord with responsibility for his tenants and his own servants as well. Later in the decade, his family’s previously successful cloth business was sinking under the weight of higher prices and rising taxes; similarly, the profits from his sizable grain acreage were being eroded by the government’s heavyhanded financial policies. Further, Winthrop’s dismay at the dishonesty he perceived at court was widely known, a fact that in addition to his open and devout Puritanism likely led to the loss of his attorney’s license, although no official reason for its revocation was given. Such conditions of growing intolerance and oppression in England led many citizens to consider leaving their homeland for the New World. In 1629, Winthrop was elected the first governor of the newly formed Massachusetts Bay Company.

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