County: Oslo fylke.
EMBASSIES. United Kingdom. Thomas Heftyes-gate 8, N-Oslo 2 (tel. 56 38 90-97). USA: Drammensveien 18, N-Oslo 1 (tel. 56 68 80). Canada: Oscarsgate 20, N-Oslo 3 (tel. 46 69 55).
CITY TOURS: departure from Town Hall.
HARBOUR TOURS: departure from Town Hall Quay.
HOTELS. Scandinavia, Holbergsgate 30, 967 SB, sauna, eight restaurants, shopping arcades, underground garage; Grand, Karl Johansgate 31, 525 SB, sauna, restaurant; Continental, Stortings-gate 2426, 270 restaurant; Bristol, Kristian IVs Gate 7, 220 Astoria, Akersgate 21, 175 KNA-Hotellet, Parkveien 68, 225 Stefanhotellet, Rosen-krantzgate 1, 200 Gabelhus, Gabelsgate 16, 100
Viking, Biskop Gummerusgate 3, 468 Ambas-sadeur, Camilla Colettsvei 15, 50 SP, sauna;
Linne, Stratsrad Mathiesensvei 12, 120 Carlton Rica, Parkveien 78, 86 Ritz, Frederik Stangsgate 3, 68 I Ml Hotel, Staffeldtsgate 4, 106 Norum, Bygd0y Alle 53, 90 Forbundshotellet, Holbergs Plass 1, 137 Nobel, Karl Johansgate 33, 104 Majorstuen, Bogstadveien 34, 74 Mullerhotell West, Skovveien 15, 100 Saga, Eilert Sundtsgate 39, 63 Savoy, Universitetsgate 11, 100 Norr0na, Grensen 19, 61 Ansgar, M0llergate 26, 80 Bondeheimen, Rosenkrantzgate 8, 100 Det Nye City, Skippergate 19 (entrance Prinsengate), 90 F&nix, Dronningensgate 19, 94 Standard, Pilestredet 27, 80 Hotell-Pension Hall, Fritzners-gate 21, 67 b. in SURROUNDING area: SAS Globetrotter, For-nebuparken (at airport, 7 km (4 miles) from the middle of the city), 276 Smestad, S0rkedalsveien 93 (5-5 km (3 miles) NW), 53 Midstuen, Ankerveien 6 (7 km (4 miles) from the middle ofthe city), 150 Nye Helsfyr, Str0msveien 108 (3 km (2 miles) SE of mid-city), 225 Holmenkollen Park, Kongeveien 26 (9 km (6 miles) NW, on Holmenkollen), 400 Voksenasen, Ullveien 4 (12 km (7 miles) NW of centre on Tryvannsb0gda road), 117 Esso Motor Hotel, in H0vik (11 km (7 miles) SW from the middle of the city), 115b. summer hotels: Anker Sommerhotell, Storgate 55, 500 Panorama Sommerhotell, Songsveien 218, 770 Bibelskolens Sommerhotell, Staffeldtsgate 4, 120 Nord-Norske Studentog Elevehjem, John Collets Alle 110 (closed for rebuilding); Fjellhaug Sommerhotell, Sinsenveien 15, 210 Vettakollen Hotell, Huldreveien 14, 64 Holtekilen Sommerhotell, Michelets Vei 55, Stabekk, 100 b.
YOUTH HOSTEL. Haraldsheim, Haraldsheimveien 4, Grefsen (5 km (3 miles) NE), 263 b.
CAMP SITES. Bogstad, on Bogstad Lake (10 km (6 miles) NW), with chalets; Ekeberg, Ekebergsletta (4 km (2 miles) SE of the middle of the city).
RESTAURANTS. Blom (an artists’ restaurant with a striking interior), Karl Johansgate 41; Frascati (French), Stortingsgate 20; La P’tite Cuisine chez Ben Joseph (French), Solligate 2; Cossack (Russian), Kongensgate 6; Coq d’Or, Skovveien 1 5; King George Steakhouse, Torggate 11; Theatercafeen, Stortingsgate 2426; Cheese Inn (cheese specialties), Vikaterrassen, Rusel0kkveien 3; Najaden, at Shipping Museum, Bygd0y. restaurants with view: Frognerseteren (popular); Holmenkollen.
WINTER SPORTS. The Oslo region (Oslomarka), with Nordmarka, Krogskogen, Vestmarka, 0stmarka, etc. offers excellent skiing, with a reasonable assurance of good snow conditions from January to March. The Nordmarka is most easily reached on the Holmenkollen railway. There are 2200 km (1400 miles) of marked cross-country ski trails, including 153 km (95 miles) with floodlighting. There are downhill pistes, with lifts, at Tryvannskleiva, Rod-kleiva, Wyllerloypa, Kirkerudbakken, Ingierkollen, Grefsenkleiva, Fjellstadbakken, Trollvannskleiva, Var-dSsen and Varingskollen. The most accessible Alpine skiing area is on the Norefjell (2 hours’ drive N W via Honefoss and Noresund), with four lifts up to 1800 m (5700 ft). Ski schools; 1 30 ice-rinks (3 with artificial ice) within the city; curling at Bygdoy.
Oslo (known from 1624 to 1877 as Christiania and from 1877 to 1924 as Kristiania), capital of Norway and chief town of the counties of Oslo and Akershus, lies in a magnificent setting, surrounded by wooded hills, atthe head ofthe long Oslofjord (the little Akerselv flows into the Oslofjord at this point). It is the headquarters of government, the see of a Lutheran and, since 1953, a Roman Catholic bishop, and has a university and several other institutions of higher education. The port is one of the largest in Norway, the base of a large merchant shipping fleet and several shipping lines. The city’s principal industries are metalworking, foodstuffs, clothing manufacture and shipbuilding.
HISTORY. Oslo, was probably founded in 1050 by Harald HSrdrSde, but it is likely that there was already a small settlement and dock on the site. Harald’s son, Olav Kyrre, made the town the see of a bishop and built a cathedral, and thereafter Oslo remained for centuries one ofthe religious hubs ofthe country, even though the kings resided in first Trondheim then Bergen. H§kon V made the move from Bergen to Oslo about 1 300 and began to build the stronghold of Akershus. About the same time, the Hanseatic League established a trading station in Oslo. After a great fire in 1624, Christian IV of Denmark rebuilt the town on the N side of Akershus Castle and called it Kristiania. It was only after the separation of Norway from Denmark in 1814 that Kristiania again became a capital and a royal residence; during the reign of King Johan it enjoyed a new rise to prosperity. On 1 January 1 925 it resumed its old name of Oslo.