People stare at me just as much here as in other Qingdao Map Tourist Attractions places. Their black-haired sameness is in fact ma^e up of individually different Qingdao Map Tourist Attractions faces. But they don’t smile. Some women have modem hairstyles, and are developing a taste for fashionable clothes. Beauty used to be a disadvantage, but now people are waking up to it being all right to look nice. Children wear bright colours, and the trousers of all Chinese babies are split open along the centre seam – it’s a practical alternative to nappies, though during President Reagan’s recent visit to Beijing, mothers were asked to sew up their children’s trouser splits in case the tradition was seen as indecent.
If city design defies the analysis-synthesis approach of most planners, and it cannot be expected that developers or commercial interests alone will have too much interest in civic responsibility or social capital, then is it simply left to architects to create gorgeous, individual buildings as gems in an unprepossessing urban landscape? This may be the case so long as our view of a city as a design problematic is restricted to working with the stuff of building typologies, transport, infrastructure and public places.
Figure 3: City block envelope visualization and urban dependencies mapping, for 180 Hectare One North Masterplan for Singapore’s Jurong Town Corporation, led by Zaha Hadid Architects. Images: Zaha Hadid Architects/Tom Barker 2003.
We need to understand the role of cities as focal points for creative enterprise and the way in which such enterprise represents and fuels the vibrancy or soul of a city. Consider the opportunity for architecture to leverage design for creative enterprise to enable urban vibrancy through cultural production and value rather than to synthesize it. In other words, how can architecture set up the meta-conditions for a blossoming city? This second-order approach is about the seeding, mediating and the mentoring of spatial configurations rather than applying the heavy hand of planning.