Danish architecture of the Renaissance and Baroque periods came under Dutch and German influence: Kronborg Castle, Helsingor (1574-84): Frederiksborg.
Castle on Zealand (1602-22, by H. von Steenwinkel and A. von Opbergen); and, in Copenhagen, Dyvekes Hus (1 61 6), the Exchange (161 9-25), the Trinity Church (1632-56) and Christiansborg Palace (1731-40), by Elias David Hausser (1687-1745). Copenhagen was planned as a fortified town of the Baroque period, and Nicolai Eigtved (1701-54) laid out the Amalienborg quarter, bringing the French Rococo style to Denmark but imparting to it his own distinctive note of cool elegance (Prince’s Palace, now the National Museum: modelled on the Hotel de Ville in Paris).
In Sweden and Denmark sculpture was at first largely the work of Dutch sculptors: in the 18th c. the predominance passed to French sculptors. Particularly notable were funerary monuments such as those of Gustavus Vasa (1580) in Uppsala Cathedral and Gabriel Gustafson Oxen-stierna in the church at Tyreso (1 641) and statues, of which the equestrian statue of Gustavus Adolphus (1796) in Stockholm is a good example.
With Johan Tobias Sergei (1740-1 814), who was also an excellent draughtsman, the classical style established itself; his best works are in the National Museum in Stockholm. In Denmark there were the Dutch sculptor Adriaen de Vries (c. 1560-1626: Neptune Fountain,
Frederiksborg Castle) and the French sculptors Abraham C. L’Amoureux (d. 1692: equestrian statue of Christian V in Kongens Nytorv, Copenhagen) and Jacques-Francois Saly (1717-76: Equestrian statue of Frederik V).
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