Directions: Exit Edmonton on Hwy 2 south, take exit 517 for Hwy 39 west toward Drayton Valley, merge onto Hwy 39, and turn left at Hwy 20.

Distance: 108 km, or about 1 hour and 28 minutes, from Edmonton.


In 1908, the Canadian government encouraged the flow of African-American settlers from Oklahoma. In addition to harsh weather, isolation, and all the other hardships that came with settling in Alberta, many who arrived here also faced discrimination. Keystone, now called Breton, was one of four rural Alberta communities founded by African-American settlers from Oklahoma and neighbouring states during the early 20th century. Today Breton is home to 581 people.


Small fish are their main diet, but they will catch insects when the opportunity arises. Terns are constantly harrassed by gulls when returning to the nest with small fish for their chicks but unfortunately, unlike some other birds, cannot dive underwater to escape and have to use their agility in flight by ducking and weaving to avoid the repeated attacks. During normal flight their bodies tend to dip as their long streamlined wings flap, making them rather comical, but they are extremely fast and agile. All terns fly south to winter in the southern hemisphere, as far as South Africa and even islands in the Antarctic Ocean. The Arctic tern even returns each year to its place of birth and can live to a ripe old age, given the chance by man and nature; one such bird on Farne Island was recorded as being 27 years old. The sandwich tern, however, often moves around and although it usually returns to the north of England, it may change its area. Some have even changed countries and ended up in Holland, Germany, Denmark, and Northern Ireland. One four-month-old tern from the Farne Islands was recorded in Melbourne, Australia, and it returned home that summer, covering 17,509 km. The black tern, the fifth species of tern to nest in Britain, occasionally calls in to rest on the islands, as do two other species, the sooty tern and the little tern. The most exciting visitor for birdwatchers, though, was the Aleutian tern in 1979, the first time a North Pacific bird had ever been seen in Europe.

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