Bucharest Guide for Tourist

Short historical context

The legend says that the settlement was founded by a shepherd named Bucur who used to make a halt on the banks of Dambovita with his herd.

According to another version, officially attested, the town of Bucharest was founded by the ruler of Walachia, Mircea the Old, at the end of the 16th century. Archaeological discoveries attest the existence of human settlements on the territory of Bucharest, dating back to the middle and late Paleolithic (approx. 150,000 BC).

In the Middle Ages, the town became an important trading center, important enough to allow rulers in the 14th century to build the Princely Court – known as the Old Court – which represented later on the nucleus of the development of the medieval town.

During the rule of Constantin Brancoveanu (1688 – 1714), unique constructions, with refined decorations, were built.

In May 1857, Bucharest was the first city in the world to use oil lamps for lighting.

During the interwar period, Bucharest becomes known as Little Paris, due to its monumental buildings, CEC, Athenaeum, The Agricultural Bank, the Palace of Justice, but also due to renowned boulevards, Calea Victoriei, Regina Elisabeta.

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