Fatehpur Sikri is globally famous for its construction. Fatehpur Sikri is situated at a distance of 42 kilometer from Agra in its south- west direction. In 1575 emperor Akbar had started the work of building up Fatehpur Sikri, for this work several artist and craftsmen had reached Sikri, apart from these craftsmen Hindu skilled men were also called from Gaur. Gaur in those times used to be the capital of Bengal and was famous for its skills in the construction of palaces and buildings. Both these workers united within few years had built up this Fatehpur Sikri town. Before the settlement of this town there was a small settlement of the people who were of the profession of cutting Sikri stone. When this town had stood up with the joint efforts of Hindu and Muslim craftsmen and creativity; people were shocked to see their beautiful work.
Today also Sikri is incomparable for its placidness, splendor and greatness. Carved dome beautifully designed and carved pillars and sculpted arch’s pulls ones attraction towards it. This town which is built in an area of 9 kilometer once watched gets deep into our hearts for its work and creativity done with great fineness.
In 1575 Emperor Akbar had begun with his first court, in his court Queen Elizabeth, British Ambassador Raffalfech were also present, he was first Englishman to attend the royal court.
Among the buildings over here the most important buildings are the two floor building called ‘Deewane Khaas’ which is different from all the other buildings in respect to its beautiful carvings and sculpted work. In the centre of the building there is a strong pillar, this pillar seems to be very lofty and high in seeing and very minutely designs have been carved on it. This pillar is attached to the jharokha with the support of four serrated flowers.
Khawabgah, is told to be Akbar’s bedroom, its walls are filled with the famous painters of those times; on one wall paintings relating to the birth of Salim is there and on the other wall paintings reveal the arrival of Buddha. Khawabgah paintings are that of Persian style but paintings of Buddha are in Gujarati style.
Panch Mahal is a palatial structure where Buddhism art is being revealed in its fagade.
This is a five storey building and every floor begins from the half floor of the previous floor; before all these floors had netted kind of curtain on the walls in order that one can watch from inside the parks outside but no one can see them inside.
Nearby is Hauz-E-Khas; many stories are famous about this lake. It is said that this lake would be filled with gold coins and the Emperor would give away handful of coins to ones with whom he would get impressed. Tansen used to sit here on the platform of the lake and sing.
Birbal’s palace was situated in the corner of north- west of Jodhabai’s palace. This building keeps its important place in Sikri for its embossed chattri’s.
In the Sahn of Jama Masjid Salim Chishti’s tomb is there. Jama Masjid creates a different attraction for everyone where in the midst of all red stone this is built of white marble. Jama Masjid was built in the manner of Indian mosques with iwans around a central courtyard. There are three Mehrab’s in all seven bays, while the large Mehrab is covered with a dome which is decorated with white shells. Millions of people come to Jama Masjid with some of their desires and wants in their minds to be fulfilled, they come to this masjid and pray for their wishes to be fulfilled. People enter here from Buland Darwaza which is a very huge door; this is not the main door of Fatehpur Sikri rather it is the door of Salim Chistti’s tomb by whose blessings Akbar had got a son. Akbar’s queen Jodhabai had given birth to only one son on 30th August 1569, in regards to Sheikh his name was kept Salim; who in future had become famous by the name Jehangir. Buland Darwaza is the biggest door in India but it is also included as the biggest door among two doors of the world.