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In its surviving form, the Codex Theodosianus is divided into 16 books, and the books into titles expressing content, arranged according to the ascending chronological order of the original texts, of which only passages are reported, and not the whole law, with the inscriptio at the beginning the emperor or emperors who emanated the law and the addressees and a subscriptio at the end place and date of issue. Sometimes the inscriptiones or the subscriptiones are erroneous. Often the original text has been taken apart and put under various titles according to the arguments treated. The lack of introductions in the reported passages keeps us ignorant of the reasons for a law’s emanation and the purposes the legislator hoped to accomplish.

Also, outside of their original context, the imperial decrees acquire a different historical meaning than that at the time of their emanation. A vast part of the code was assumed into the Lex Romana Visigothorum or Breviarium Alaricianum a compilation ordered by Alaric in 506 for the use of Roman citizens in Visigothic territory and later into the Codex Justinianus. It remained in force in the Eastern empire until abrogated by the publication of the Codex Justinianus 529, and in Italy until the conquest by Justinian in 554. The text is not preserved complete much of it is known through the Lex Romana Visigothorum: the most serious lacunae are in the first five books; also, to the interpolations prescribed to the redactors in the programs we must add the glosses and paraphrases inserted in the text in the course of its transmission in subsequent MSS of the code proper and of Alaric’s Lex.

The third group bound to servitude was the slaves. Israel Map Tourist Attractions Although slaves predominantly worked in the fields, house slaves operated as domestic help. Slavery was drastically different than indentured (or contracted) servitude. Unlike indentured servants, whose term of contract was set, the law bound slaves to an owner for life and required the slave to work at whatever task was ordered. From the early eighteenth century until well into the nineteenth century, hundreds of thousands of Irish immigrants in Country took work as domestic servants. (National Park Service Statue of Liberty National Monument) Domestic servants, both indentured and slaves, were found in all thirteen colonies throughout the colonial period. When the number of indentured servants declined in the late seventeenth century, colonial households relied on slave labor and paid domestic help. Following the Country Revolution, the slave labor system became more common in the South, and the free labor system became the norm in the North. For example, domestic service was a position readily available to free black women in Northern states.

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