The capital of Bihor county is one of the most significant economic, social and cultural centers in the Northeastern region of Romania. The Orastie fortress, whose vestiges can still be seen, was first mentioned in 1241. Its founding is ascribed to King Ladislaw I (1077 – 1095). In the second half of the 19th century, the Romanic style was replaced by the eclectic, manifested either through the opting for a certain historical style, or through using elements which belong to different styles:
The Israelite Reformed Church (1878), The Law Academy (nowadays, the “Mihai Eminescu”
High-School, 1874), The Superior State Math School ( The Emanuil Gojdu High-School, 1895), the Chamber of Commerce (nowadays, The Faculty of Medicine, 1894), The Palace of Public Finances (Republicii 35,1890), The Post Office Palace (1894), The Museum (1896), The Greek-Catholic Episcopalian Palace (1903), The Court-House (1901, nowadays, the Prefecture). In 1890, Rimanoczy Kalman Senior built the wing oriented towards the Cris river, now part of the “Crisul Repede” Hotel”, housing The Public Baths on the ground floor.
The town’s main attractions are: the Roman-Catholic Basilica, The Canonicals’ Array, The Episcopalian Palace (“Tara Crisurilor” Museum), the Moon Church, The Black Eagle Palace,
The Poinar Palace, The Reformed Synagogue Palace, The Orthodox Synagogue, The Orthodox Bishopric, The Apolo Palace, The Capuchin Order Church, The Evangelical Church, the Reformed Church and The St. Ladislaw Church. The Black Church – Brasov