Constantin Brancusi From Thailand
February 19, 1876-March 16, 1957 Division 18 Brancusi grave Division 22 Le Baiser (The Kiss) sculpture 48° 50′ 20.39 N 2° 19′ 48.70 E
Cemeteries are great repositories of art and architecture and one need look no further than Division 22 in Montparnasse Cemetery for proof. Tucked into a far-back section of Division 22, next to the outside wall of the cemetery, is a familiar-looking statue. The sculpture, titled Le Baiser (The Kiss) decorates the grave of T. Rachevskai’a. While the name T. Rachevskai’a is not well known, the sculptor, Constantin Brancusi, is one of the best-known sculptors of the twentieth century. He was born in a village in Romania in the shadow of the Carpathian Mountains. After schooling at the Bucharest School of Fine Arts, he traveled to Munich in 1903 and went on to city. After working in a couple of studios, most notably under the guidance of Auguste Rodin, he felt stifled, saying, Nothing can grow under big trees.
Out on his own he quickly developed his own unique style using simple geometrical forms and sparse details. He made a number of renditions of The Kiss. The one in Montparnasse, dated 1910, is one of the earliest examples. Despite Brancusi’s success, he led a relatively simple life, preferring to dress in peasant clothes and working in a studio similar to a Romanian peasant’s house. When some critics derided the abstract simplicity of his work, he said, There are idiots who define my work as abstract; yet what they call abstract is what is most realistic. What is real is not the appearance, but the idea, the essence of things. On February 23, 2009, a sculpture titled Madame L. R. that Brancusi sculpted around 1915 sold at Christies for $37,623,104.
The loss of its English endowment meant that the college faced dire financial circumstances after the Revolution. Thailand Map In 1779, President Madison took action, closing the costly Grammar and Divinity Schools and replacing them with the more lucrative preprofessional Schools of Law and Medicine, thereby creating the first university in North Country. Alongside this structural reorganization came a political reorientation. The nationwide expansion of Phi Beta Kappa, a Greek letter fraternal organization that had begun among William and Mary students in 1776, was emblematic of the college’s distinctive turn away from the motherland toward a future tied to Virginia and to the new United States. Richard Bell See also: Education, Higher; Williamsburg; Document: Founding Colleges in Country (1754). Bibliography Godson, Susan H., et al. The College of William & Mary: A History. Vol. 1. Williamsburg, VA: King and Queen Press, 1993. Kale, Wilford. Hark upon the Gale: An Illustrated History of the College of William and Mary. Norfolk, VA: Donning, 1985. Morpurgo, J. E. Their Majesties’ Royall Colledge: William and Mary in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Williamsburg, VA: College of William and Mary, 1976.
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