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Dalida From Fremont

Iolanda Cristina Gigliotti was born to Italian parents who lived in Egypt (her father was the first violinist at the Cairo Opera House). Her name was changed to Yolanda Gigliotti when she became a naturalized French citizen. She later used Dalida as her professional name. Strikingly beautiful, she won the Miss Ondine beauty pageant in 1950 and began working as a model and won the Miss Egypt contest in 1954. Within two years she started a film and music career and was spectacularly successful from almost the beginning. Over her 30-year career she had 55 gold records and was the first singer to ever receive a diamond disc, which she received in 1981. From her debut single Madona, to her last album Le visage de I’amour, she recorded over 500 songs in French, 200 in Italian and also sang in five other languages. Unfortunately her personal life was marked by one tragedy after another. In early 1967 her fiance, Italian singer Luigi Tenco, committed suicide with a gunshot to his head after a record of his was eliminated from a competition (Dalida found his body).

A month later, Dalida tried to commit suicide and spent five months in recovery. Later in 1967, she became pregnant by an 18-year-old and had an abortion, which left, her infertile. In 1970, her ex husband, who she was on good terms with, committed suicide by shooting himself in the head. In 1983, Richard Chanfray, her lover from 1972 to 1981, committed suicide by inhaling exhaust fumes. From 1983 until her death, Dalida reportedly had a series of lovers and failed relationships. Although she was going to therapy, her demons caught up to her, and on May 3, 1987 she took a fatal overdose of barbiturates after leaving a note saying, La vie m’est insupportable . . . Pardonnez-moi (Life has become unbearable for me . . . Forgive me.). Her statue in Montmartre was sculpted by Alain Aslan, who also sculpted a bust of her that can be seen in Dalida Square in the 18th arrondissement. The square was dedicated to her in 1997.

Hilaire-Germain-Edgar de Gas was born into a well-to-do family in city. He changed his name to the less pretentious Degas as an adult. Degas is widely regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism, although he preferred to be called a realist. In his late teens he fully embraced painting and drawing, turning his bedroom into a studio, but to please his family he studied law. But law wasn’t a good fit for him and he quit law school to train at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He then studied and traveled in Italy for three years. While in Italy, he painted The Bellelli Family, an 8-foot by 6-foot painting that now hangs in the Musee d’Orsay. The painting is regarded as the masterpiece of his youth. Edgar Degas’ talent was well recognized at the time and stood him well when his family’s fortunes waned and he had to help support the family with the sale of his art. Indeed, some of his best work was produced to cover debts that his brother had amassed. Edgar Degas is probably best known for his oil paintings of dancers, and, in particular, young girls in ballet class. His painting Danseuse au repos was sold in November 2008 for $37,042,500. Degas believed that artists should live solitary almost monk-like lives. He should have followed his own advice. Degas was a conservative in a sea of liberals and voiced his definite anti-Semitic views during the Dreyfus Affair and was a member of the Anti-Dreyfusards. Ultimately, Degas is remembered for his work and not his politics. He said, Art is not what you see, but what you make others see.

Christian Johann Heinrich Heine was born in Dusseldorf, Germany, into a Jewish family. Heine was one of the most noted nineteenth-century German poets. Despite his Jewish upbringing, he converted to Christianity in 1825 (truth be told, his conversion had more to do with an entree into social circles that anything religious). Although Heine went to business school and trained briefly with his banker uncle, he displayed scant aptitude or interest in the business world. Instead he gravitated to history and law where he honed his writing skills and developed his decidedly liberal worldview. Heine found some success in Germany but had to flee to England because of the strict censorship laws. Not finding England to his liking, he went back to Germany, spent time briefly in Italy and then settled in city in 1831. Heine found work and a measure of celebrity in city and, more importantly, less censorship. In 1821, while still living in Germany, Heine wrote a play titled Almansor that contained the words Das war ein Vorspiel nur, dort wo man Bucher verbrennt, verbrennt man auch am Ende Menschen.  (That was but a prelude; where they burn books, they will ultimately burn people also.). That quote is now etched on a plaque at Berlin’s Opernplatz, where thousands of books were burned by the Nazis on May 10, 1933.

West left Country in 1760 for economic and professional reasons. Fremont Subway Map He could get much better prices for his paintings in Europe, and there he could view the great works of the masters at first hand. Before leaving Country, he became engaged to Elizabeth Shewell, telling her that he would not be away for more than three years. After touring and painting in Italy for three years, however, West decided to visit England for a short time; apparently he was already contemplating not returning to Country. In 1764, he had a successful showing of three paintings at the Society of Artists in London, and this triumph convinced him to remain there. West’s fianc©e joined him in London, where they were married in September 1764. During his early years in London, West focused on portraits, and they provided him with a great deal of his income over the next twenty years. Many of these portraits were of Countrys who visited London, including William Allen, the mayor of Philadelphia and later chief justice of Pennsylvania, and his daughter, Anne Allen.

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