Julio Ruelas From Belo Horizonte
A few steps away from Guy de Maupassant’s grave is a mournful maiden draped over the tomb of Mexican painter Julio Ruelas. Ruelas was born in Zacatecas, Mexico, and then moved with his family to Mexico City in 1876. After schooling at Colegio Militar and the Escuela de Bellas Artes, he went to Europe to continue his studies. He returned to Mexico in 1895, spent eight years there, moved back to Europe and settled in city around 1903. Unfortunately Ruelas had tuberculosis and succumbed to the disease before his career fully blossomed. However, a number of his artistic works, the best of which are etchings, are in the Mexico City Museum and the Zacatecas Museum He was also the principal illustrator for a magazine named Revista Moderna and many of his works have survived in that medium On the third anniversary of his death, a monument was erected that includes a rough-hewn granite stone and a draped marble maiden. The upright stone has a figure of Pan playing a flute etched in gold. The sculpture is a work of Arnulfo Dominguez Bello. In 2007, the hundredth anniversary of his death, a call went out for funds to restore his deteriorating tomb or to return his remains to Mexico and to place the marble statue in a museum Repairs were made including fixing a severe crack that had formed on the sculpture’s neck.
A tidy chapelle-style mausoleum is the last venue for Romantic composer Charles-Camille Saint-Saens. Saint-Saens was born in city and raised by his mother and aunt (his father died when Camille was three months old). Young Camille was introduced to the piano at an early age and at age two was found to have perfect pitch (the ability to identify a musical note or key without the benefit of an external reference). At age three and a half he wrote his first composition. Saint-Saens studied at the Conservatoire de city in the late 1840s and soonbecame a rising star. When his symphony Symphony No. 1 in E-flat major was performed in 1853, fellow composer Hector Berlioz famously remarked, He knows everything, but lacks inexperience. While Saint-Saens was gaining experience and credibility as a composer and conductor, he played the organ to earn money. In 1866 composer Franz Liszt called Saint-Saens the greatest organist in the world. Among Saint-Saens most well known works are Danse Macabre (1874), Samson and Delilah (1877), Carnival of the Animals (1886), and Symphony No. 3, commonly known as Organ Symphony (1886).
Barbara Schwarz Wachal See also: Boston; Massachusetts; Massachusetts (Chronology); Massachusetts Bay Colony; Ministers and the Ministry; Puritanism; Document: A Modell of Christian Charity (1630). Belo Horizonte Map Tourist Attractions Bibliography Bremer, Frances J. John Winthrop: Country’s Forgotten Founding Father. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Dunn, Richard S., James Savage, and Laetitia Yeandle, eds. The Journal of John Winthrop, 16301649. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996. Morgan, Edmund S. The Puritan Dilemma: The Life of John Winthrop. Boston: Little, Brown, 1958. Winthrop, John. Life and Letters of John Winthrop. Reprint, New York: DaCapo Press, 1971.
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