CALLATIS Mangalia, district of Constanta, Romania. Greek colony founded in the 6th c. BC, it had a final flowering in the 4th-6th c. AD. Casual finds have uncovered various vestigia, including a Christian funerary stele, in Greek, which mentions a jurist of Syrian origin 4th-5th c.; a limestone cross on which is incised the name of the local Bishop Stephanus 6th c., the first bishop attested in Tomis, another town of Scythia Minor; and a fragment of architrave with the name of the emperor Justinian, lover of buildings filokti,sthj.
Unsystematic archaeological excavations have found the ruins of a Christian basilica abutting on the N side of the city wall. Johannesburg/East Rand Subway Map Built in the 4th-5th c. and probably rebuilt during the reign of Anastasius I 491518, the basilica consisted of a rectangular hall, oriented N-S, with the entrance in the middle of the long E side, where originally there was a lateral courtyard, in the Syrian fashion, later transformed into a sumptuous atrium with four porticoes.
At the S end of the hall was the presbytery, with no apse because of a road along that side. The main entrance opened from the road onto the atrium and from there to the basilica, to the W, and to the partially excavated building to the E, which probably functioned as a bishop’s palace episcopium. Among the ruins of the basilica were found numerous pieces of architectural sculpture, including two ram’s-head capitals. In the W part of the city was a large early-Christian cemetery; about a fifth of its total area has been excavated, with ca. 400 tombs 4th-6th c..
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