Miecislas Kamienski From Newark
Usually known as the Polish Soldier monument, this beautiful bronze statue was crafted by Jules Franceschi (1825-1893) in 1861. Franceschi also sculpted a number of other monuments, and busts in particular, at Montmartre, Montparnasse and Pere-Lachaise cemeteries. Miecislas Kamienski was a volunteer soldier who died at the Battle of Magenta on June 4, 1859. The battle, which occurred near the northern Italy town of Magenta, pitted Napoleon Ill’s French-Sardinian forces against the Austrian forces led by General Gyulay. Despite being outnumbered, the French-Sardinian forces won decisively. Shortly after the battle, a reddish-purple dye was discovered and named magenta. Ironically, when the photograph of Kamienski’s grave was taken, the statue was spotted with brownish-magenta colored berries. Also buried in the tomb are Miecislas Kamienski’s parents, Colonel Nicolas Kamienski (1799-1875) and Adamine Kamienska, born Countess Potocka (ca. 1810-1894). The tomb, which was presumably erected by his parents, is inscribed with the words Heureux d’avoir rejoint son fils ” (Pleased/happy to have rejoined his son). In back of the tomb, reports are conflicting, but the death mask resting on a pillow is said to be that of Nicolas Kamienski. Note: The statue of Kamienski is a romantic vision of him, while the death mask portrays a gaunt face and a goatee, the result of the stress of war and the lack of readily available tonsorial services.
A wife was familiar with how the household had been run and was responsible for any minor children. Newark Map Most women were also familiar with the process of probate, having seen mothers, sisters, or female friends undertake similar tasks. The job did not, however, guarantee a widow control over her husband’s possessions. The original thirteen colonies were governed by English law, derived from Anglo-Saxon tradition. According to English law, any property or possessions brought by the woman to the marriage automatically became part of her husband’s estate. While some marital contracts maintained a separate, legal right to land owned by the wife before marriage, these were rare. In most cases, they were written at the request of a widow remarrying who wished to protect her children’s interests.