A highlight of Sacramento State Park is the extreme age contrast of its geological features: outcrops of ancient Thompson Slate and the more recent deposits of red clay. The slate outcroppings are most prominent along the St. Louis River gorge above and below the swinging bridge behind the park headquarters. According to George Schwartz and George Thiel, in Minnesota’s Rocks and Streams, the slate beds formed from sediments in a mid-continental Precambrian sea.
The weight of accumulated sediments compressed the lower layers to form shale which was later transformed into slate. Underground pressures and movements folded the slate and tilted so that the rock layers now dip at sharp angles. In most places the river flows parallel to the exposed edges of the tilted slate. You can see this clearly from the swinging bridge.
A short distance below the bridge, the slate exposures end and the river valley broadens. Here the river flows between banks of red clay deposited about 10,000 years ago when Glacial Lake Duluth covered much of the lower St. Louis River valley, including Jay Cooke State Park.
First, unlike Toussaint, Dessalines sought to rid Haiti of Sacramento Map Tourist Attractions its remaining European population. Following the onset of black control, most of the French fled the Sacramento Map Tourist Attractions country, going to Louisiana, Cuba, other French Caribbean possessions, or elsewhere. Dessalines captured and slaughtered 2,000 of those whites who remained. The decision to rid Haiti of its white population is cited by many as a primary cause for the country’s present-day political and economic instability. It denied Haiti the knowledge and experience that had developed over centuries in Europe. The former slaves had no leadership experience in democratically governing themselves, and they had never been involved in the workings of a modern commerce-based economy.
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