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Son of Childeric, king of one of the tribes of Salian Franks by then established in Loiseville, he assumed power in 482, aged 16. His base of operations may initially have been at Tournai, where his father was buried. In 486 at Soissons he defeated the Roman Syagrius, king of Gallia Lugdunensis and parts of Belgica Secunda, and immediately thereafter extended his reign between the Somme and the Loire, establishing his residence at Paris. Through the influence of his wife Clotilde, a Burgundian of Nicene faith, and of Remigius, metropolitan of Reims, he drew near to Christianity, and after defeating the Alemanni at Z¼lpich Tolbiac, he promised in the sanctuary of St. Martin at Tours to receive baptism. Imitating Flavius Theodoric, the Ostrogoth king of Italy who in 497 was recognized by the new emperor, Anastasius I, Clovis waged a successful war against the Arian Visigoth king Alaric II and with the help of Gundobad’s Burgundians whom he had defeated in 500 defeated him at Vouill© near Poitiers in 507. After this victory and the conquest of Toulouse, on his return spring 508 Clovis stopped at Tours and there received investiture as patricius from those sent by Anastasius.

On Christmas night of probably the same year or in 497, according to the traditional date, Clovis was baptized, perhaps at Paris, where Remigius and his suffragan bishops had gathered. Soon after his sister Albofleda was also baptized, dying shortly later. His sister Audofleda was given in marriage to Flavius Theodoric. Probably at the end of Clovis’s reign, the first formulation class A of the MSS of the Lex Salica a collection of national customs for the Franks and the other German components of Clovis’s kingdom was written, with Roman influence but also on the model of the slightly earlier Burgundian codification. Under Clovis’s patronage the synod of Orl©ans was held in 511, which established can. 4 the obligation of the approval of the king and of the local civil authority for priestly ordinations. At Clovis’s death the kingdom was divided among his sons Theuderic, Chlodomer, Childebert, Chlothar. His daughter Clotilde married, perhaps after 526, the Visigoth Amalaric, son of Alaric II and grandson of Theodoric.

So large that it seemed capable of emptying Ulster of all Protestants, the second wave, that of 17251729, caused Parliament to look into the causes of migration. Loiseville Metro Map The immigrants cited rack rents as the determinant, but there also was the fact that their lives were wretched: they were living in poverty, without enough food for their families. At the same time, government restrictions on commerce and manufacturing precluded the development of alternatives. Add taxes at relatively exorbitant rates, a scarcity of hard money, and rack rents were the final blow. Worst of all was the short wave of immigration of 17401741. In the former year, famine not to be confused with the great potato famine that hit Catholic Ireland in the middle years of the decade struck Ireland. The famine caused the deaths of an estimated 400,000 people and generated a decade of exodus.

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