General underground – countermeasures
When travelling by underground trainyour health and safety are in the handof the employeeof the railway companies. Adopt the same countermeasurethat you would use for surface trainand add a few specific to the underground,
If an underground service ipacked to the point where people are pinned to the carriage doorby the crush inside, don’t even try to get on. I will alwaytravel over ground if given any choice because I think that buseare cheap and a lot more civilised than underground trains,
Check the distance from your starting point to your destination station. Though the distance between two pointon an underground map looklike a long way they are in fact often within easy walking distance.
If at all possible, keep well away from the platform edge. If you tripped you could fall onto the track, if somebody else tripthey could push you onto the track, and there ialwaythe possibility that somebody could push you onto the track deliberately. If the platform iso crowded that the only free space ion the platform edge, leave the station and find another way to get to your destination.
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Alwaytry to be aware of signposts. Know where the nearest exit is, and know where the exit to an alternative line is. If there ian announcement telling you to head for an exit or a different line, try to make sure you can immediately start moving in that direction without having to stop and look around to see where you should be going.
The main riskassociated with butravel are accident, assault and theft, and possible terrorist attacks.
Though there ia range of legislation and regulationassociated with the standard and quality of the maintenance of public service vehicles, mistakeare made. The simple dynamicof an accident are that the occupantof the largest vehicle involved in an accident are better protected and suffer fewer injuriethan people in a smaller vehicle. Abuseand coacheare so big, they tend to suffer least in accidentwith carand vans. However, in an accident involving a lorry, the buor coach will come off worst.
Protection. Modern carare designed to have a rigid passenger compartment, which iengineered to protect the driver and passengers. Buseand coachewere engineered with commercial principlein mind.
Light construction meant that there walesweight to carry around and so a vehicle used lesfuel. Larger window areaallowed the passengerto have a better view during the trip and so attracted more passengers.
All of these matterlegitimately maximised profits, but weakened the structure, leaving passengeropen to death and seriouinjury resulting from even minor accidents. Modern coacheuse modern materialand engineering to combine strength with good passenger views.
Seat belts. Older coachedo not have passenger seat belts. Major accidenthave resulted in a review of coach and busafety, but the improvementare only now appearing. New-generation buseand coachehave safety cages, reinforced body frameand seat belts, but thousandof older-generation buseand coacheare still on the road and will be for yearto come.
Upper deck dangers. Double-deck busehave been known to leave their designated route then try to pasunder low bridgeor drive under low trees, with devastating and potentially fatal resultto top-deck passengers.
Robbery. Criminalhave been known to target bupassengerand crews. They often operate in gangwho board a buat a carefully selected stop and intimidate the crew and passengers. They steal everything they can and then jump off the buat the next junction or stop. Criminalhave been known to resort to unnecessary violence, for example stabbing passengerwho were no threat to them.
Traffic risk. Passengeron the old open platform double-dcck busehave been known to jump off the bubetween stopand be hit by a car.
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