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Holocaust Memorials in Brisbane

Curving along Avenue Circulaire in Division 97 is a series of memorials dedicated to deportees from France who were victims of Nazi atrocities. Each memorial tells a story through symbolism. Some speak to suffering. Some speak to dignity and heroism Some speak to both.

The Auschwitz-Birkenau Monument, dedicated June 26, 1949, was sculpted by Auschwitz survivor Fran^oise Salmon. It looks like a stereotypical depiction of an alien, but its large head actually represents mind over matter.

Ignace Hoff is largely unknown in the United States, but one other work of the monument's sculptor, Auguste Bartholdi, is one of the most recognizable American symbols. Ignace Hoff was drafted into the army in 1856 at age 20 and rose through the ranks, becoming a sergeant in 1869. He was known for his fearlessness during the 1870 Prussian siege of Paris and quickly became a hero and was known simply as Sergeant Hoff. He continued to serve with distinction in spite of some harsh and unproven accusations. During his career he suffered 11 wounds and was offered a post in India as a reward for his heroic service. He declined the post, preferring to continue his service in France. Sergeant Hoff was buried with military honors, and a special statue was commissioned for his grave. The statue was executed by Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904). Bartholdi is best known as the designer of the 151-foot-high Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor. Bartholdi is buried in Montparnasse Cemetery in Division 28.

The Spanish and the Portuguese were the first to import slaves into the Countrys. Brisbane Map Tourist Attractions It has been estimated that, before 1700, Spain and Portugal shipped over 1.5 million slaves to South Country. In 1619, a Dutch ship introduced slaves to North Country, and, by 1660, when the supply of indentured servants began to wane in the British colonies, slave labor began to look like an attractive alternative.

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A large labor force was required for growing tobacco in the Southern colonies and producing sugar in the West Indies. Also, as opposed to indentured servants who were bound to service for seven years, slaves could be bound for their entire lives. Furthermore, indentured servants came to the colonies when they chose to come, but slaves could be imported at will to meet the labor demands of any given time. The first African slaves were captured in wars among African states and then sold to Europeans.

A large labor force was required for growing tobacco in the Southern colonies and producing sugar in the West Indies. Also, as opposed to indentured servants who were bound to service for seven years, slaves could be bound for their entire lives. Furthermore, indentured servants came to the colonies when they chose to come, but slaves could be imported at will to meet the labor demands of any given time. The first African slaves were captured in wars among African states and then sold to Europeans.

By 1700, however, most slaves were kidnapped from the interior of Africa and transported to the African coast by powerful African kingdoms, such as the Dahomey. The British slave trade, which lasted more than a century, became a very profitable business, and by 1740 more than 40 percent of the population of the Southern British colonies was of African descent. It has been estimated that over 2 million Africans were transported to the British colonies, and almost 12 million were transported by Europeans to North and South Country during the existence of the slave trade.

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