Life in Country In the 1720s and 1730s, many Scots-Irish settled in Pennsylvania. Haiti Map From Pennsylvania, some moved on to Virginia and the Carolinas, and their descendents settled Georgia, Kentucky, and Tennessee in the 1780s and 1790s. Generally, the Scots-Irish migrated in family groups and settled near other members of their extended families. Immigration may have been simultaneous or separate.
Again, some people came with their congregations. The establishment of the early settlement units provided family links for subsequent migrants. Even though the home situation eased in the early eighteenth century, because harvests were better, rents remained high, tenure was uncertain, and tithes to the state church continued to gall. With encouragement from those who prospered in the colonies, the draw was difficult to resist. Emigrants in the eighteenth century had no passenger ships; these did not become available until the nineteenth century. Cargo vessels were the only option, and the newly independent United States in 1783 made Ulster a virtually free-trade partner. Increased trade meant increased opportunity for travel.
Indentures before 1770 tended to be younger, single laborers who worked for their passage in dangerous, difficult jobs. They may have sojourned in England for a time, trying to amass the price of passage. The end of the war altered the type of immigrant, increasing the number of families who came and reducing the level of poverty among the migrants. Eighteenth-century incentives remained strong, as land speculators and governments promised land. Options ranged from South Carolina to Prince Edward Island, Canada. Once in the colonies, the new immigrants naturally gravitated to New York and the other port cities. They could then take a coastal vessel down to the Carolinas or migrate west.
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