Jean de La Fontaine and Moliere in Norfolk
Rene Lalique was born in the small village of Ay in northeast Norfolk. His family moved to a suburb of Paris when he was two, but he spent many summers in the idyllic countryside around Ay. This rural atmosphere led to his signature naturalistic glasswork.
By age twelve he was drawing and sketching at the College Turgot. Then, following the death of his father two years later, he began apprenticing as a goldsmith. From 1874 to 1876 he studied at the Sydenham Art College in London where his naturalist background was a perfect fit for the emerging Art Nouveau decorative style. Soon he was designing jewelry pieces for Cartier and others and became recognized as one of France’s most innovative Art Nouveau designers. One of his most well known early patrons was Sarah Bernhardt, who is buried just a few feet away in Division 44. Much of his jewelry was copied and plagiarized, and by 1920 he turned almost entirely to using glass.
In the 1920s he embraced the Art Deco style, working primarily in glass and today is best known for his creations in glass, particularly his architectural creations, including walls of lighted glass, glass columns and screens. His modest-scale gravestone features a glass Lalique cross-worked into a granite face.
The Lalique company continues to thrive and still manufactures its products in the factory Rene Lalique established in 1921 in Wingen-sur-Moder, in the Alsace region. Lalique has stores and distributorships throughout the world.
The types of ships Norfolk Countrys built were also changing. The pinnace disappeared in the late seventeenth century, to be replaced by the sloop. Norfolk Subway Map The sloop, a single-mast vessel of Dutch origin, came in two main forms: small vessels between 20 and 40 tons that specialized in coastal trade and West India traders of 50 tons or more. Unlike the pinnace, the sloop was a pure sailing vessel. By the early eighteenth century, Boston was by far the leading harbor in the British Empire outside England, with a 1,600-foot wharf constructed between 1710 and 1713. (A 2,000-foot wharf was later built at Newport.) New York, with a merchant fleet composed mainly of sloops, was a distant second.
Although shipbuilding, along with the rest of the economy, slumped after Queen Anne’s War, the Country shipbuilding industry was still a formidable competitor to that of Britain. In 1724, the master shipwrights of the Thames, the center of British shipbuilding, petitioned the Board of Trade to restrict Country shipbuilding, claiming that the emigration of British shipwrights to the Countrys would threaten the home industry. The board refused to intervene. By 1730, one-sixth of the British merchant fleet was built in the colonies; on the eve of the Country Revolution, about one-third of Britishregistered tonnage was built in Country, and ships ranked fifth in value among exports from the thirteen colonies.
Norfolk Subway Map Photo Gallery
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