Overlooking Wurzburg is the fortress of Marienberg, the residence for the bishops before the Palace was built. The town itself is replete with pastry shops, tearooms and taverns. Wurzburg is known for its vineyards and the white wines produced. The local beer and sausage have also acquired a reputation.
Germany provides a range of accommodation from youth hostel to hotel, farmhouse to fremdenheimes (rooms for rent in homes), campgrounds to castles. Look for the sign Zimmer frei. The youth hostels, primarily for young people under twenty, are probably the most efficient, up-to-date in the world. They total some six hundred with sixty-five thousand beds. Bikers and hikers love them. The tourist can also pitch a tent at more than twenty-one hundred camp sites.
From its beginning, South Hamburg was a slave colony; the establishment of large rice plantations increased the need for laborers and solidified the colony’s position on slavery. Hamburg Subway Map During the eighteenth century, the colony purchased large numbers of slaves. In 1724, Joseph Wragg, captain of a slave ship, arrived with a shipment of 142 slaves, and at least four other slave ships stopped in South Carolina, bringing a total of 734 African slaves to the colony that year. Samuel Wragg, Joseph’s brother and an agent for the colony, reported that, by 1726, South Carolinians purchased 1,000 slaves annually. He went on to make a contract with the Royal African Company, establishing the purchase of 300 slaves from Gambia to be sent to the colony. The African slave trade originated in the interior regions of the continent, where natives were captured and marched in chains to sprawling compounds such as this one in Nigeria in 1746 along the western coast to await shipment. (Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-106828) In South Carolina, slave ships that arrived were generally arranged for by a local merchant, who would take responsibility for selling the slaves once they arrived in port, often including them as just another commodity in an existing import businesses.
Henry Laurens was among the chief participants in South Carolina’s slave trade in the eighteenth century; in 1755, Laurens reported that his business dealt with 700 slaves in that year. Laurens and fellow merchants who participated in the slave trade were generally members of the colonial elite, a position that gave them access to useful information regarding finances and crops. Colonial traders rarely paid cash for the slaves they purchased from ship captains, and rarely received cash from the men and women who purchased slaves. In the early days, South Carolina merchants often paid for their cargoes in rice, and planters usually purchased their slaves on credit, paying the merchants in crops after the harvest. The extension of credit was a risky move for the merchants, and Laurens recommended to those wanting to become involved in the slave traffic that they hold a reserve of 10,000 pounds sterling. The slave trade could be an extremely profitable business. In the last forty years of the eighteenth century, British slave traders received a total of 60 million pounds for the slaves they sold. The average profit for slave voyages during this time was nearly 10 percent, a significantly higher profit margin than the return on investment in colonial plantations.
Hamburg Subway Map Photo Gallery